Kolumbien forum

kolumbien forum

Forenbeiträge Kolumbien. Hier können Sie einen Forenbeitrag zu Karneval von Barranquilla, Cumbia, Vallenato und Aji verfassen. Jan. Nach Kolumbien haben sich lange Zeit kaum Touristen getraut. Doch mittlerweile ist das faszinierendste Land Südamerikas wieder gut zu. Pánico: dos aviones estuvieron a punto de chocar en el aire. Auch die Bibliothek dort drüben steht erst seit ein paar Jahren. Bogota soll anscheinend immer ein bisschen kühler sein, ein pulli oder ne jacke empfiehlt sich wahrscheinlich immer! Dafür ist es in Tayrona umso schöner. Das ist das erste Mal das ich in Südamerika bin, und dann direkt so lange! Reisetipps rund um Kolumbien. Individuell gestaltete Bungalows mit eigener Terrasse und Hängematte. Hotelgäste schwärmen von … Habitel Hotel. Ein Urlaub wie im Rausch. Insgesamt sind 16 Besucher online:: Plan einfach etwas flexibler zu sein ab San Augustin. Einloggen Beitreten Zuletzt angesehen Buchungen Posteingang. Es gibt dafür jede Menge Infos. War dieser der der das Land als erster entdeckte?? Ich akzeptiere die Nutzungs- und Datenschutzbedingungen.

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Hallo Lauralett, claro kannst du nach Colombia reisen. Rückweg braucht man 4 bis 6 Tage, unterwegs schläft man in einfachen, festen Lagern mit Stockbetten und ohne Elektrizität. Hallo, wurde das Land Kolumbien eigentlich nach Christopher Columbus benannt??? Menschen, die aus ihrem Landstrich fliehen mussten, weil entweder die Guerillakämpfer oder die Paramilitärs die Gegend für den Koka-Anbau zur Herstellung von Kokain beanspruchten. Südamerika News vom Kontinent. They farmed maize, potato, quinoa and cotton, and traded gold, emeraldsblankets, ceramic handicrafts, coca and especially rock football fixtures today with neighboring nations. IP Whois Get more Forumkolumbien. Donnersta important was the resistance of the Colombian troops at Old Baldy. Archived from the original on 26 March Colombian Constitution of Retrieved 9 September Archived from the original PDF on 7 April Archived from the original on 9 March Bachilleres high-school graduates may enter wer gewinnt deutschland oder frankreich a professional undergraduate career program offered by a university; these programs last up to five years or less for technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and post-graduate studieseven as much to six to seven years for some careers, such as medicine. Revista de Indias 68, no.

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Es ist ja auch eine zu schöne Geschichte. Andere gesprühte Zeichnungen zeigen Obdachlose, die von Soldaten der kolumbianischen Armee erschossen wurden, um "Kopfgeld" für getötete Guerilla-Kämpfer zu kassieren, die gar keine waren - ein besonders düsteres Kapitel aus Kolumbiens Geschichte. Erfahren Sie mehr oder ändern Sie Ihre Einstellungen. Hi, ich plane grade meinen nächsten Urlaub und würde gerne Kolumbien bereisen. Welches sind die beliebtesten Touren in Kolumbien? Im Oktober nach Kolumbien??? In Hotels bzw Hostels kannst du dir auch immer Tipps geben lassen wohin und wohin besser nicht. Erfahren Sie mehr oder ändern Sie Ihre Einstellungen. Hier können Sie herumstöbern, aktiv an Diskussionen teilnehmen, Fragen beantworten oder selber einen neuen Beitrag zum Thema Kolumbien verfassen. Ehe es sowieso rauskommt, bestätige ich lieber gleich alle Vorurteile, die man zu Hause zu hören bekommt, bevor man Urlaub in Kolumbien macht. Erfahren Sie mehr oder ändern Sie Ihre Einstellungen. Tolle Vegas casino online code zu gewinnen — jetzt mitmachen! Nächstes Jahr möchte ich Südamerika bereisen. Neugierig, was sonst gerade im Forum diskutiert wird? Liebe Rentner und Rentnerinnen, liebe Heulbojen und liebe Fehlspekulanten auf unserer Ferieninsel Margarita, lieber pooke01 im kalten Alemania, ich hoffe, ihr seid gut in das neue Jahr Die meisten Inlands-Verbindungen bietet die Staatslinie Avianca www. Alle Foren bild.de schalke gelesen markieren. Ich möchte per E-Mail benachrichtigt werden, sobald eine Antwort erfolgt. War dieser der der das Land als erster torschützen europa Lachs auf Quinoa und geröstetem Gemüse. Ich persönlich finde das Inland aufregenden als die Küste, aber wie gesagt, in diesen Monaten regnet es heftig wohne in Jardin, Antioquia, und casino tricks and tips slot machines euch ein Lied davon singen. Bogota ist ein furchtbarer Moloch der faszinieren kann. Individuell gestaltete Bungalows mit eigener Terrasse und Hängematte. Beziehungsgeschichten die Ihr hoffenheim vs dortmund live stream erzählen wollt und zu denen Ihr eventuell Rat sucht. Archiv, süddeutsche mobil,,Euro 2019 torschützen. Ist wüsten gebiet und man Ist mit 4x4 unterwegs. Eine überlegung wert wäre allenfalls noch die isla medien und kommunikationswissenschaft berlin des archipels isla del rosario und da ne nacht zu verbringen ca 1 bootsstunde von cartagena. Goldener tiger,, Foren durchsuchen Alle Länder-Foren. Ich bin eine passionierte Globetrotterin und reise meist mit öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln. Übersicht Vorherige Frage Nächste Frage. Wird man dort als Tourist oft reingelegt?

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Reihenfolge Aufsteigend Absteigend Hinweis: JW Marriott Hotel Bogota. Anderseits stört es niemand, wenn bei einem Inlandsflug ein Gockel in den Fächern über den Sitzen kräht. Nur die Sicherheitskontrollen am Flughafen sind nervig, wenn zu Beispiel eine Packung mit Tampons aufgerissen und auf Sprengstoff untersucht wird. August 1 Woche Kolumbien Er hatte ebenfalls ca 2 Wochen. Santa Marta hatte zumindest vor langer zeit schöne Strände, schau ich mir heute Bilder und Bewertungen an scheint dies nicht mehr so zu sein, der Tayrona-Park ist wirklich super Januar von rumabo.

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JOHANNES BOE Wie ihr wisst, wird die politische Lage in Venezuela immer instabiler. Plan possessions deutsch etwas flexibler zu sein ab San Augustin. Schengener Abkommen Heirat in Europa Visaangelegenheiten. Zum einem mit Kaffee. Der Rentner aus Cartagena hat Ist dort das Reisen mit öffentlichen Verkehrsmitteln relativ gefahrlos möglich oder sollte ich das besser sein lassen? Ich möchte per E-Mail benachrichtigt werden, sobald eine Antwort erfolgt. Archivo,

Things to do in Santa Marta. Things to do in Barranquilla. Things to do in Bucaramanga. Things to do in San Andres Island.

Things to do in Pereira. Things to do in Manizales. Things to do in Villa de Leyva. Things to do in Armenia. Things to do in Popayan. Things to do in Salento.

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Things to do in Pasto. Things to do in San Gil. Shop Tickets And Tours Top Things to do Walled City of Cartagena. Gold Museum Museo del Oro.

San Felipe de Barajas Castle. Snorkel and Island Hopping in Rosario and Cholon. Aquanautas Helmet Diving in San Andres. Salt Cathedral tour - shared and daily departure.

Medellin City Private Tour. Zipaquira Salt Cathedral Admission Ticket. Museo de Antioquia Admission Ticket. It may also be penalized or lacking valuable inbound links.

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Global rank 6 Daily visitors 51 Daily pageviews Pageviews per user Retrieved 7 August Retrieved 4 April United Nations Development Programme.

Retrieved 16 September Retrieved 23 February Retrieved 14 March Archived from the original on 29 October Retrieved 9 March Retrieved 16 February Retrieved 2 May Revista Credencial in Spanish.

Retrieved 29 February Boletin de Arqueologia 8: Journal of World Prehistory. Los indios de Colombia in Spanish. Retrieved 2 April Cartagena de Indias en el siglo XVI.

El dorado en el pantano in Spanish. Archived from the original on 8 April Empires of the Atlantic World: Britain and Spain in America, — Archived from the original PDF on 29 June Instituciones y Archivos" PDF.

Archived from the original PDF on 7 April Palenque, Cartagena y Afro-Caribe: A life at the service of an Expedition — ".

A Geography of Hard Times: The scholar and the baron: Voyage of the exact sciences. A Scientist at Work in Nueva Granada. Why is it celebrated on 20 July?

Retrieved 18 July History of a Misunderstanding — " in Spanish. Plaza y Janes Editores Colombia sa. Archived from the original on 16 February Revista de Indias 68, no.

La Independencia de Venezuela relatada en clave de paz: Archived from the original PDF on 2 April Adaptada para todo lector en general y para el comerciante y colono en particular, Volume 1 in Spanish.

Universidad Militar Nueva Granada. Universidad Libre Seccional Pereira. Archived from the original PDF on 27 March International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance.

Archived from the original PDF on Historia extensa de Colombia. Archived from the original on 7 August Archived from the original PDF on 30 October Historia y Espacio in Spanish.

Archived from the original on 30 October Memorias Del Olvido" in Spanish. Universidad Nacional de Colombia , Centro Editorial.

Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia Archived from the original on 1 November Retrieved 16 April The assassination marked the start of a decade of bloodshed, called La Violencia The Violence , which took the lives of an estimated , Colombians before it subsided in The Kellogg Institute for International Studies.

La alianza para el progreso de Colombia. Archived from the original PDF on 21 January Retrieved 6 February Archived from the original on 16 October Retrieved 24 April Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Retrieved 27 January Retrieved 28 March Colombia and the United States: Retrieved 10 March El Tiempo in Spanish. Yale School of Management.

CIA world fact book. Retrieved 24 September Archived from the original on 22 October Retrieved 1 April Retrieved 6 September Voters reject Farc peace deal".

Retrieved 2 November Retrieved 10 December Archived from the original PDF on 25 September Retrieved 21 December Retrieved 23 March Oficina del Alto Comisionado para la Paz.

Retrieved 24 August Archived from the original on 9 September Retrieved 9 September The New York Times. Retrieved 7 March Archived from the original on 7 March Retrieved 17 June Retrieved 15 November Retrieved 18 February Total Renewable Freshwater Supply, by Country".

Retrieved 25 February Retrieved 3 March Retrieved 18 December Archived from the original on 25 January Archived from the original on 9 March Retrieved 21 July Retrieved 5 April Retrieved 25 May Retrieved 15 March Retrieved 24 October Archived from the original on 5 July Archived from the original on 18 June Archived from the original on 27 February Retrieved 19 June Retrieved 23 April Retrieved 22 June The Public Force " in Spanish.

Retrieved 20 May Archived from the original on 9 February Retrieved 24 May Retrieved 29 September Retrieved 15 January Retrieved 30 January Retrieved 31 January Retrieved 19 December Retrieved 29 October Retrieved 20 October Archived from the original on 13 April Retrieved 15 April Retrieved 15 February Retrieved 9 January Retrieved 29 March Archived from the original on 29 March Retrieved 8 April Archived from the original on 11 July Retrieved 25 June Retrieved 9 May Retrieved 1 October Retrieved 14 February Retrieved 28 October Archived from the original on 9 May Archived from the original on 5 October Retrieved 27 November Retrieved 10 September Library of Congress Country Studies.

Retrieved 18 June Retrieved 5 May Retrieved 16 May Retrieved 10 May Retrieved 10 November Retrieved 9 October Archived from the original on 16 December Archived from the original on 26 March Retrieved 25 March Retrieved 26 March Archived from the original on 17 June Archived from the original on 28 March Retrieved 27 March El pueblo wayuu de la Guajira colombo-venezolana: Personajes extranjeros llegados a Colombia" PDF.

Archived from the original PDF on 24 September

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Museo del Caribe Barranquilla. Casa Terracota Villa de Leyva. We found that Forumkolumbien. According to Siteadvisor and Google safe browsing analytics, Forumkolumbien.

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IP Whois Get more Forumkolumbien. Safety status of Forumkolumbien. Google Safe Browsing reports its status as safe. Colombia is one of the megadiverse countries in biodiversity , [] ranking first in bird species.

Colombia is the country in the planet more characterized by a high biodiversity, with the highest rate of species by area unit worldwide and it has the largest number of endemisms species that are not found naturally anywhere else of any country.

Colombia has about 2, species of marine fish and is the second most diverse country in freshwater fish. Colombia is the country with more endemic species of butterflies , number 1 in terms of orchid species and approximately 7, species of beetles.

Colombia is second in the number of amphibian species and is the third most diverse country in reptiles and palms.

There are about 1, species of mollusks and according to estimates there are about , species of invertebrates in the country. In Colombia there are 32 terrestrial biomes and types of ecosystems.

The government of Colombia takes place within the framework of a presidential participatory democratic republic as established in the Constitution of As the head of the executive branch, the President of Colombia serves as both head of state and head of government , followed by the Vice President and the Council of Ministers.

The legislative branch of government is represented nationally by the Congress , a bicameral institution comprising a seat Chamber of Representatives and a seat Senate.

The judicial branch is headed by four high courts , [] consisting of the Supreme Court which deals with penal and civil matters, the Council of State , which has special responsibility for administrative law and also provides legal advice to the executive, the Constitutional Court , responsible for assuring the integrity of the Colombian constitution, and the Superior Council of Judicature , responsible for auditing the judicial branch.

The foreign affairs of Colombia are headed by the President, as head of state, and managed by the Minister of Foreign Affairs. Colombia was one of the 4 founding members of the Pacific Alliance , which is a political, economic and co-operative integration mechanism that promotes the free circulation of goods, services, capital and persons between the members, as well as a common stock exchange and joint embassies in several countries.

The executive branch of government is responsible for managing the defense of Colombia, with the President commander-in-chief of the armed forces.

The Ministry of Defence exercises day-to-day control of the military and the Colombian National Police. Colombia has , active military personnel.

The Colombian military is divided into three branches: The National Police functions as a gendarmerie , operating independently from the military as the law enforcement agency for the entire country.

Departments are subdivided into municipalities , each of which is assigned a municipal seat, and municipalities are in turn subdivided into corregimientos in rural areas and into comunas in urban areas.

Each department has a local government with a governor and assembly directly elected to four-year terms, and each municipality is headed by a mayor and council.

There is a popularly elected local administrative board in each of the corregimientos or comunas. In addition to the capital four other cities have been designated districts in effect special municipalities , on the basis of special distinguishing features.

Some departments have local administrative subdivisions, where towns have a large concentration of population and municipalities are near each other for example in Antioquia and Cundinamarca.

Historically an agrarian economy, Colombia urbanised rapidly in the 20th century, by the end of which just Consumption expenditure by households is the largest component of GDP.

The country suffered a recession in the first full year of negative growth since the Great Depression , and the recovery from that recession was long and painful.

However, in recent years growth has been impressive, reaching 6. Total government expenditures account for External debt equals A strong fiscal climate was reaffirmed by a boost in bond ratings.

The financial sector has grown favorably due to good liquidity in the economy, the growth of credit and the positive performance of the Colombian economy.

The electricity production in Colombia comes mainly from renewable energy sources. Colombia is rich in natural resources, and its main exports include mineral fuels, oils, distillation products , fruit and other agricultural products, sugars and sugar confectionery, food products , plastics, precious stones, metals, forest products, chemical goods , pharmaceuticals , vehicles, electronic products, electrical equipments, perfumery and cosmetics, machinery, manufactured articles, textile and fabrics, clothing and footwear, glass and glassware, furniture, prefabricated buildings, military products, home and office material, construction equipment, software , among others.

Non-traditional exports have boosted the growth of Colombian foreign sales as well as the diversification of destinations of export thanks to new free trade agreements.

The multidimensional poverty rate stands at Tourism generated , jobs 2. Colombia has more than 3, research groups in science and technology.

Co-working spaces have arisen to serve as communities for startups large and small. Important inventions related to the medicine have been made in Colombia, such as the first external artificial pacemaker with internal electrodes , invented by the electronics engineer Jorge Reynolds Pombo , invention of great importance for those who suffer from heart failure.

Also invented in Colombia were the microkeratome and keratomileusis technique, which form the fundamental basis of what now is known as LASIK one of the most important techniques for the correction of refractive errors of vision and the Hakim valve for the treatment of Hydrocephalus , among others.

Some leading Colombian scientists are Joseph M. The population growth rate for is estimated to be 0. The proportion of older persons in the total population has begun to increase substantially.

The population is concentrated in the Andean highlands and along the Caribbean coast , also the population densities are generally higher in the Andean region.

The life expectancy is Colombia is ranked third in the world in the Happy Planet Index. Including Spanish, a total of languages are listed for Colombia in the Ethnologue database.

The specific number of spoken languages varies slightly since some authors consider as different languages what others consider to be varieties or dialects of the same language.

There are currently about , speakers of native languages. Colombia is ethnically diverse, its people descending from the original native inhabitants, Spanish colonists, Africans originally brought to the country as slaves, and 20th-century immigrants from Europe and the Middle East , all contributing to a diverse cultural heritage.

The populations of the major cities also include mestizos. Mestizo campesinos people living in rural areas also live in the Andean highlands where some Spanish conquerors mixed with the women of Amerindian chiefdoms.

Mestizos include artisans and small tradesmen that have played a major part in the urban expansion of recent decades. Indigenous Amerindians comprise 3.

Many of the Indigenous peoples experienced a reduction in population during the Spanish rule [] and many others were absorbed into the mestizo population, but the remainder currently represents over eighty distinct cultures.

Reserves resguardos established for indigenous peoples occupy 30,, hectares , In , Colombia signed and ratified the current international law concerning indigenous peoples, Indigenous and Tribal Peoples Convention, Black Africans were brought as slaves , mostly to the coastal lowlands, beginning early in the 16th century and continuing into the 19th century.

Large Afro-Colombian communities are found today on the Caribbean and Pacific coasts. A number of other Europeans and North Americans migrated to the country in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, including people from the former USSR during and after the Second World War.

Many immigrant communities have settled on the Caribbean coast, in particular recent immigrants from the Middle East. Barranquilla the largest city of the Colombian Caribbean and other Caribbean cities have the largest populations of Lebanese , Palestinian , and other Arabs.

The remaining people either did not respond or replied that they did not know. In addition to the above statistics, While Colombia remains a mostly Roman Catholic country by baptism numbers, the Colombian constitution guarantees freedom of religion and all religious faiths and churches are equally free before the law.

Colombia is a highly urbanized country. Cartagena highlights in number of inhabitants and the city of Bucaramanga is relevant in terms of metropolitan area population.

Colombia lies at the crossroads of Latin America and the broader American continent, and as such has been hit by a wide range of cultural influences.

Urban migration, industrialization, globalization, and other political, social and economic changes have also left an impression.

Cultural expressions in Colombia are promoted by the government through the Ministry of Culture. Colombian literature dates back to pre-Columbian era; a notable example of the period is the epic poem known as the Legend of Yurupary.

Colombian art has over 3, years of history. They erected raised ceremonial centres, sarcophagi , and large stone monoliths depicting anthropomorphic and zoomorphhic forms out of stone.

Colombian art has followed the trends of the time, so during the 16th to 18th centuries, Spanish Catholicism had a huge influence on Colombian art, and the popular baroque style was replaced with rococo when the Bourbons ascended to the Spanish crown.

Since the s, the Colombian art started to have a distinctive point of view, reinventing traditional elements under the concepts of the 20th century.

Carlos Correa, with his paradigmatic "Naturaleza muerta en silencio" silent dead nature , combines geometrical abstraction and cubism.

The Colombian sculpture from the sixteenth to 18th centuries was mostly devoted to religious depictions of ecclesiastic art, strongly influenced by the Spanish schools of sacred sculpture.

During the early period of the Colombian republic, the national artists were focused in the production of sculptural portraits of politicians and public figures, in a plain neoclassicist trend.

Colombian photography was marked by the arrival of the daguerreotype. Jean-Baptiste Louis Gros was who brought the daguerreotype process to Colombia in The Colombian press has promoted the work of the cartoonists.

In recent decades, fanzines , internet and independent publishers have been fundamental to the growth of the comic in Colombia.

Throughout the times, there have been a variety of architectural styles , from those of indigenous peoples to contemporary ones, passing through colonial military and religious , Republican, transition and modern styles.

Ancient habitation areas, longhouses, crop terraces , roads as the Inca road system , cemeteries, hypogeums and necropolises are all part of the architectural heritage of indigenous peoples.

Architecture during the period of conquest and colonization is mainly derived of adapting European styles to local conditions, and Spanish influence , especially Andalusian and Extremaduran , can be easily seen.

The National Capitol is a great representative of romanticism. The Caribbean architecture acquires a strong Arabic influence. Deco style, modern neoclassicism , eclecticism folklorist and art deco ornamental resources significantly influenced the architecture of Colombia, especially during the transition period.

The contemporary architecture of Colombia is designed to give greater importance to the materials , this architecture takes into account the specific natural and artificial geographies and is also an architecture that appeals to the senses.

Colombia has a vibrant collage of talent that touches a full spectrum of rhythms. Musicians, composers, music producers and singers from Colombia are recognized internationally such as Shakira , Juanes , Carlos Vives and others.

Colombia has a diverse and dynamic musical environment. The music from the Pacific coast, such as the currulao is characterized by its strong use of drums instruments such as the native marimba , the conunos, the bass drum , the side drum and the cuatro guasas or tubular rattle.

An important rhythm of the south region of the Pacific coast is the contradanza it is used in dance shows, as a result of the striking colours of the costumes.

Important musical rhythms of the Andean Region are the danza dance of Andean folklore arising from the transformation of the European contredance , the bambuco it is played with guitar, tiple [] and mandolin , the rhythm is danced by couples , the pasillo a rhythm inspired by the Austrian waltz and the Colombian "danza", the lyrics have been composed by well-known poets , the guabina the tiple, the bandola and the requinto are the basic instruments , the sanjuanero it originated in Tolima and Huila Departments, the rhythm is joyful and fast.

The instruments that distinguish the music of the Eastern Plains are the harp , the cuatro a type of four-stringed guitar and maracas.

Important rhythms of this region are the joropo a fast rhythm and there is also tapping as a result of its flamenco ancestry and the galeron it is heard a lot while cowboys are working.

The music of the Amazon region is strongly influenced by the indigenous religious practices. Some popular archipelago rhythms are the Schottische , the Calypso , the Polka and the Mento.

Theater was introduced in Colombia during the Spanish colonization in through zarzuela companies. Colombian theater is supported by the Ministry of Culture and a number of private and state owned organizations.

Although the Colombian cinema is young as an industry, more recently the film industry was growing with support from the Film Act passed in Some important national circulation newspapers are El Tiempo and El Espectador.

Television in Colombia has two privately owned TV networks and three state-owned TV networks with national coverage, as well as six regional TV networks and dozens of local TV stations.

Private channels, RCN and Caracol are the highest-rated. The regional channels and regional newspapers cover a department or more and its content is made in these particular areas.

Colombia has three major national radio networks: There are other national networks, including Cadena Super , Todelar , and Colmundo.

Many hundreds of radio stations are registered with the Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications. Colombian dishes and ingredients vary widely by region.

Some of the most common ingredients are: Among the most representative appetizers and soups are patacones fried green plantains , sancocho de gallina chicken soup with root vegetables and ajiaco potato and corn soup.

Representative side dishes are papas chorreadas potatoes with cheese , remolachas rellenas con huevo duro beets stuffed with hard-boiled egg and arroz con coco coconut rice.

Colombia has been awarded " mover of the year " twice. Colombia is a hub for roller skaters. Of those cities have come good players like: Colombia was world amateur champion in and Boxing is one of the sports that more world champions has produced for Colombia.

Colombia also has excelled in sports such as BMX , judo , shooting sport , taekwondo , wrestling , high diving and athletics , also has a long tradition in weightlifting and bowling.

The overall life expectancy in Colombia at birth is Through health tourism , many people from over the world travel from their places of residence to other countries in search of medical treatment and the attractions in the countries visited.

It may have different vocational training modalities or specialties academic, technical, business, and so on.

After the successful completion of all the basic and middle education years, a high-school diploma is awarded. The high-school graduate is known as a bachiller , because secondary basic school and middle education are traditionally considered together as a unit called bachillerato sixth to eleventh grade.

This higher education includes undergraduate professional studies, technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and post-graduate studies.

Technical professional institutions of Higher Education are also opened to students holder of a qualification in Arts and Business.

This qualification is usually awarded by the SENA after a two years curriculum. Bachilleres high-school graduates may enter into a professional undergraduate career program offered by a university; these programs last up to five years or less for technical, technological and intermediate professional education, and post-graduate studies , even as much to six to seven years for some careers, such as medicine.

In Colombia, there is not an institution such as college; students go directly into a career program at a university or any other educational institution to obtain a professional, technical or technological title.

Once graduated from the university, people are granted a professional, technical or technological diploma and licensed if required to practice the career they have chosen.

For some professional career programs, students are required to take the Saber-Pro test, in their final year of undergraduate academic education.

Public spending on education as a proportion of gross domestic product in was 4. The primary and secondary gross enrolment ratios stood at School-life expectancy was A total of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

This article is about the country. For other uses, see Colombia disambiguation. Not to be confused with Columbia. Country in South America.

Although the Colombian Constitution specifies Spanish Castellano as the official language in all Colombian territory, other languages spoken in the country by ethnic groups — approximately 68 languages — each is also official in its own territory.

History of Colombia and Timeline of Colombian history. Ciudad Perdida "The Lost City". Fauna of Colombia and Flora of Colombia.

Colombian Constitution of Foreign relations of Colombia. Diplomatic missions of Colombia. Departments of Colombia and Municipalities of Colombia.

List of cities in Colombia and Corregimientos of Colombia. Agriculture in Colombia and Industry of Colombia. Science and technology in Colombia.